The Evolution of Faversham as a Town and Port
* = approximate date.
Belgic farmstead established on CREEK/COOKSDITCH promontory (disused by 60*)
Roman conquest of Britain begins: building of Watling Street starts soon afterwards. Roman settlement along- side Watling Street soon begins at OSPRINGE.
Small town of DUROLEVUM (stronghold by the clear stream) established nearby.
Small villa built near Belgic farmstead (doubled in size 125*, extended 175*)
Villa downgraded (fell into disuse 275*)
SS Crispin and Crispianus resident in FAVERSHAM during reign of Carausius.
Mausoleum built at STONE (enlarged to become church 605*, abandoned 1540*)
Britain responsible for own defence.
Hengest and Horsa arrive to help defend Britain against Picts.
Hengest founds Kingdom of Kent.
Wihtred, King of Kent, charter of CILLING (?=Faversham) - monastic privileges.
Name of FEFRESHAM first recorded in Royal Charter calling it "the king’s town".
Danish raids start.
Athelstan, King of Kent, at FAVERSHAM.
Athelstan, King of ‘England’ holds witenagemot at FAVERSHAM.
? Viking/Saxon boat abandoned at GRAVENEY (2000 still being treated at Portsmouth)
Danegeld payments start.
Cnut King of England.
Edward the Confessor King of England (Norman dawn).
Confederation of Cinque Ports formed (FAVERSHAM founder member, cf 1252 Charter)
FAVERSHAM CHURCH granted to St Augustine’s Abbey by William I.
Stephen, son of sister of Henry I, King of England.
FAVERSHAM ABBEY founded by King Stephen, granted Manor of FAVERSHAM.
Queen Matilda buried in FAVERSHAM ABBEY.
Davington Priory founded by Fulk of Newnham.
King Stephen dies, buried in FAVERSHAM ABBEY.
OYSTER FISHERY COMPANY founded (traditionally).
MAISON DIEU,OSPRINGE founded as Royal Lodge etc.
First extant charter confirms privileges of BOROUGH as in time of Edward the Confessor.
Second BOROUGH Charter, oldest to mention Cinque Ports (FAVERSHAM limb of Dover).
ABBEY/BOROUGH dispute; Abbot imprisoned by Lord Warden. Lord Warden excommunicated by Archbishop; King Edward I accuses Archbishop of contempt.
St Augustine’s/BOROUGH dispute: St Augustine’s sack Vicar, monks seize body he is burying at PRESTON; Mayor and TOWNSPEOPLE set fire to CHURCH, wound monks.
Lord Warden/BOROUGH dispute: resolved in BOROUGH’s favour in 1446.
5th BOROUGH charter confirmed that King’s officials had no right of entry.
Common warehouse (now TS HAZARD) built.
(and earlier) BOROUGH nominates one of Dover’s two MPs.
GRAMMAR SCHOOL founded.
Henry Hatch leaves fortune for maintenance of CREEK etc.: will disputed, resolved 1574.
Abbey dissolved (rubble shipped to Pale of Calais to strengthen defences, 1541).
Thomas Arden obtains 8th BOROUGH charter: town’s autonomy confirmed.
Thomas Arden (Controller of Customs) murdered - Arden of Feversham (play 1592).
CREEK sluice built.
Gunpowder industry starts at HOME WORKS.
New MARKET HOUSE built (becomes 3rd Guildhall 1603)
More corn shipped through CREEK to London than from any other port (for 100 years).
New GRAMMAR SCHOOL building opens.
Hazard furnished to fight Spanish Armada.
BOROUGH supports Protectorate.
HOME WORKS expanded by Daniel Judd to increase output in first Dutch War.
More wool exported through CREEK than from any English Port.
OARE GUNPOWDER WORKS founded by Huguenot immigrants (supplied East India Company)
King James II’s brief imprisonment in FAVERSHAM.
Smuggling rife through CREEK (Defoe).
Faversham FARMERS’ CLUB formed (oldest in country)
Chatham-Canterbury ROAD turnpiked.
Faversham-Chilham ROAD turnpiked.
First accurate MAP of town commissioned: signposts erected on Watling Street.
HOME WORKS nationalised.
Faversham-Ashford-Hythe ROAD turnpiked.
Inner ABBEY gatehouse demolished.
Outer ABBEY gatehouse demolished.
MALL laid out (grand approach from Watling Street).
PAVEMENT COMMISSION established.
Municipal Reform Act - Faversham county borough/ unitary authority in all but name..
Henry Wreight leaves fortune to town - provides Schools, Rec, new Almshouses.
Faversham NAVIGATION COMMISSION formed; CREEK improved 1843
First GUNCOTTON factory in world opens in Faversham
First large-scale BRICKFIELD opens (ABBEY BRICKFIELD)
Strood-Faversham RAILWAY opens (rich Jutish finds in KINGSFIELD during building).
CREEK branch railway opens.
New ALMSHOUSES open - biggest in Kent.
William Gibbs bequeaths many KINGSFIELD finds to Nation: many others dispersed.
First of UPLEES EXPLOSIVES FACTORIES opens.
Local Government Act - KCC formed 1889.
BOROUGH opens municipal power station.
Great Explosion at UPLEES EXPLOSIVES FACTORIES - worst ever in UK.
Pollock’s SHIPYARD opens.
All UPLEES EXPLOSIVES FACTORIES close.
Roman cemetery alongside Watling Street, OSPRINGE, excavated.
OYSTER FISHERY COMPANY now a limited company, no longer a trade co-operative.
GUNPOWDER factories close.
BOROUGH electricity undertaking nationalised.
Restoration of ABBEY STREET starts (first ‘town scheme’).
Excavation of ABBEY starts: Belgic farmstead and Roman villa found adjacent.
CREEK BRANCH railway closes.
Faversham Society begins restoration of CHART GUNPOWDER MILLS, oldest in world.
NAVIGATION COMMISSION superseded by Medway Ports Authority (later bought by Mersey Docks & Harbour Company).
BOROUGH abolished, Faversham absorbed into new Borough of Swale.
Faversham Society opens FLEUR DE LIS HERITAGE CENTRE.
Faversham Society re-opens MAISON DIEU museum.